NEWater Visitor Centre in Singapore (eco-education) / Shaun Wong / flickr.com

On the Threshold of “Green Revolution”

An interview with Ilya Zavaleev on future green technologies by Pavel Ilyichev

Read intro

An interview with Ilya Zavaleev

An interview by Pavel Ilyichev

Ilya manages consulting projects in real estate and construction for international financial institutions, banks, and real estate funds, as well as for private companies in development, construction and asset management.

In 2010 Ilya was among the first professionals to work with green building in Russia and Kazakhstan, and now he coordinates consulting services in green building certification (LEED, BREEAM). Ilya also has experience in the management of construction projects, and the design and implementation of green technologies.

Ilya graduated from Moscow State University of Civil Engineering in 2007. In 2010 he achieved a qualification in “Project management” from the Higher School of Economics. Ilya is an LEED AP BD+C (US Green Building Council) and holds a Project Management Professional (PMP) certification from the Project Management Institute.
Hide intro

The global expert community predicts that in the next 30 – 40 years we will see a significant increase in the usage of the alternative energy sources. Based on that scenario, would you expect any revolutionary changes in the urban fabric and landscape?

I would like to start by painting an “ideal” picture of a city where green technologies have spread out to each and every part of everyday life. This will be noticeable in the landscape, as the city becomes more ecology-​oriented; the prevailing energy sources being solar panels, wind turbines, and biofuel. As a result, the air is cleaner, moving around the city becomes more pleasant, and the citizens are healthier. The green city facilitates an increase in health and productivity of the population, while the infrastructure becomes oriented more towards pedestrian movement. Therefore, the paradigm and values of the urban lifestyle themselves change; the transformation of the city affects not only the material landscape, but also positively influences ecology and the health of every citizen. In my opinion, these changes of values will not happen fast, in a revolutionary way. A slow and gradual shift, which we are actually seeing today, will probably continue – and city space will change accordingly.

This “greening of the city” (meaning, primarily, the adoption of “green technologies”) often looks like just another marketing approach, used by governments or developers to cater to the shifting tastes of the population. Nevertheless, there are many examples of green-​related strategic decisions positively affecting cities. What “green” ideas, in your opinion, could be implemented in Moscow (“green roofs”, green building, etc.)?

One of the ways to stimulate sustainable development is eco-​education, which should become common for the whole population

Moscow is a city of opportunities, but also a city of challenges. Implementation of “green” ideas requires meaningful support and conscious strategic decisions, and the city is at the very beginning of this process. From the point of view of “green technologies” development and green building in general, we focus on energy and sustainable development principles which force changes in the urban landscape and city operational system. One of the ways to stimulate such development is eco-​education, which should become common for the whole population. This education and its principles should become a part of everyday routine.

I would also include such elements as energy efficiency improvement, and the optimisation and promotion of public transportation. One of the biggest issues is that any fundamental changes will be resisted by society, which has been demonstrated time after time. Still, there is a way to deal with that issue – by openly demonstrating the advantages of new ideas through “pilot projects.” This approach allows for the testing of new ideas in urban development on a limited scale, in order to demonstrate the future improvements to the citizens.

Solar Panels / Brian Sterling

Solar Panels /​Brian Sterling /​flickr​.com

So, in your opinion, is testing the only way to check whether urban innovation will be sustainable or not? What about using references to international best practices and benchmarking?

International experience cannot really confirm the sustainability of urban projects, because there are too many important factors that are unique to each city such as its history, location, population structure and so on. Still, there are several universal trends of urban development that should be considered. Firstly, there is the concept of a “Smart City” which pays particular attention to information technologies that enable active involvement of the citizens in managing and developing their city. “Crowdsourcing” emerges as an instrument for gathering up-​to-​date information in order to consider and take into account the opinion of the widest range of stakeholders. The second concept is the “Sustainable City”. In this case, the main focus is on rational resource consumption, social responsibility and energy efficiency. The third concept in urban development is called the “Knowledge City”. The emphasis here is on attracting intellectual capital in order to develop the “Knowledge Economy”. It is important to mention that these three concepts do not contradict each other; rather, they are complementary, and their simultaneous implementation should lead to synergy effects.

I wonder if Moscow could benefit from this effect of synergy through the creation of the International Financial Centre, which is now under active discussion?

Moscow has a strong position in the global economy, but, in my opinion, the drive to achieve the status of an international financial centre is not without its flaws. The international financial centre status could be a strong driver for developing and diversification of the country – for population growth and logistic improvements between cities. Today we see high growth in the financial markets in the Asian-​Pacific region. It is centred on China, which has a long-​term relationship with Russia. Based on that, I would prefer to see the development of a financial centre in those parts of Russia closer to the Asian-​Pacific region.

Chicago City Hall Green Roof / Antonio Vernon / commons.wikipedia.org

Chicago City Hall Green Roof /​Antonio Vernon /​com​mons​.wikipedia​.org

Ilya, what would you like to change in a modern Russian city? Perhaps, you have some suggestions in terms of “green” and ecological projects?

As I see it, Russia needs to adopt more from successful foreign experience in urban development innovations. There are many great examples that city managers either do not talk about or are not aware of. For instance, I can provide an example of a new attitude to the definition of “affordable housing”. In Russia we mostly associate it with low cost and low quality. In the US the approach is different – it is called “mixed income housing”. During the development of new quality neighborhood, some dwellings are sold at lower price to people with lower incomes. This helps in solving the inequality problem and provides equal access rights to social infrastructure.

I should also mention another ongoing project, which is extremely interesting from the point of view of future urbanism. The project, located in one of the most dynamic cities on the Arabian Peninsula, is called “Dubai Sustainable City”. The idea is quite simple – to build a completely self-​sufficient city. The plan includes such innovative elements as production of all consumed energy through alternative energy sources, high effectiveness of urban planning for comfortable living, and integrated information technologies. Construction should be finished in 2015, so I hope in the nearest future we will get see this innovative “city”. Perhaps, it will become a great role model for many other urban developers.

Dubai Sustainable City (model) / x1r8 / flickr.com

Dubai Sustainable City (model) /​x1r8 /​flickr​.com

In other words, you suggest that this is what future cities could look like? What is your personal opinion on sustainable cities, and what is their future?

The cities of future are these self-​sufficient settlements that function without traditional fuel sources

When we are discussing cities, it is important to take into account that they emerge and grow within a historical process. They have been changing and transforming for centuries. The goal for the near future (2030 years) is to minimise resource consumption. With the growth of urban population it is crucial to ensure that society lives in a favourable environment. City infrastructure will change, depending on requirements of an effective consumption system, optimal transportation, the location and quality of working and living space. The cities of future are these self-​sufficient settlements that function without traditional fuel sources, which recycle most of their waste. There is special definition – “cradle-​to-​cradle” which actually means clear circulation of materials between manufacturing, consumption and nature. Within such an approach all products and materials in urban space become a part of a closed process, similar to the water cycle, which we all learned about in school.

It is essential to pay more attention to supporting and improving the city infrastructure. Non-​conventional approaches and creativity could make breakthrough changes for the city. As an example, I would suggest looking at the BMW manufacturing factory in Munich. Despite the fact that the core facilities are assembly lines, there is a special area open for visitors and tourists. As a result, by being more transparent and attractive to tourists, the company changed the Munich citizen’s attitude to the factory. This is also a part of BMW’s corporate social responsibility programme.

BMW in Munich / Albert Barnes / flickr.com

BMW in Munich /​Albert Barnes /​flickr​.com

What is your opinion regarding the idea of new cities being artificially created, as opposed to historically-​formed cities? For instance, there is an example of a commercial city in South Korea. To what extent does this answer current needs?

Cities should develop naturally and gradually over a period of time. Artificiality is an element of developers’ commercial interests. They are not thinking about the long-​term perspective of such projects. Future generations might change their values and attitude to these new cities. People will be living in those cities, but in the long-​run, the monotony and homogeneity of the urban fabric will persuade them to try and change the environment in favour of more interesting, historical cities. We can see that happening in some of the Soviet towns: they were artificially created for production or mining purposes, but eventually lost their attractiveness, as evidenced by their constant decrease of population.

Not only cities are developed by humans, but humans are also influenced and developed by the cities

Today we see the emergence of a new type of employment patterns, such as the “freelancer” which, in many cases, minimises the necessity of leaving one’s home. This promotes being in one location for long periods of time, which in the long run may provoke different negative psychological and physical consequences. Thus, it will be quite challenging to maintain citizens’ health without the rich and diverse infrastructure of the city. Not only are cities developed by humans, but humans are also influenced and developed by cities. That’s one of the main driving forces and urban values, especially in metropolises: they facilitate and encourage creative thinking, while “closed districts” contribute to narrow-​mindedness. Cities generate a creative class, inspiring new ideas and actions.

Also when the “typical city models” of these artificial cities are copied and each new city is more developed than the last, competition arises. This may lead to economic issues in old cities. However, in general, it may not necessarily be a bad thing.

how does viagra work finasteride 5mg side effects zovirax dosage finasteride vs dutasteride ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution cipro 500 side effects of lexapro 10 mg viagra dosage ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg tab nolvadex buy cialis online ciprofloxacin for dogs what is cipro viagra cost acyclovir 800 mg 5 times a day cialis 5 mg finasteride and enlarged prostate what is cipro used for viagra sans ordonnance levitra online lexapro and weight gain in women azithromycin 500 mg what is ciprofloxacin used for finasteride common side effects of ciprofloxacin 500 mg what is finasteride used for escitalopram side effects cipro drug class azithromycine 250 mg what is finasteride azithromycin 5 day dose pack viagra online cilias cialis pills for sale viagra ohne rezept auf rechnung canada cialis zithromax antibiotic natural viagra ciprofloxacin 250 mg acyclovir dosage for cold sores what does viagra do tamoxifen nebenwirkungen side effects lexapro cost of viagra tamoxifen and foods to avoid ciprofloxacin nebenwirkungen viagra costs zovirax ointment viagra nebenwirkungen thuoc azithromycin how long for azithromycin to take effect cipro side effects ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg azithromycin 250mg post finasteride syndrome finasteride side effects in men acyclovir 400 mg how to get off lexapro cyalis side effects of azithromycin 250 mg tamoxifen erectile dysfunction cialis viagra 100 how does cialis work acyclovir 800 mg for shingles finasteride effets secondaires how to wean off lexapro without withdrawals viagra 50mg celexa vs lexapro vardenafil vs viagra cialis dosage cialis 20mg directions cealis lexapro vs wellbutrin tamoxifen side effects in women over 55 what does finasteride do herbal viagra what is acyclovir for ciprofloxacin class where to buy viagra cialis dosage recommendations escitalopram cialis alternative propecia cialis canadian pharmacy tamoxifen and weight gain effects of stopping lexapro suddenly lexapro dosages buy cialis ciprofloxacin side effects after age 60 ciprofloxacin 500 mg for urinary tract infection lexapro medication acyclovir medication finasteride 5 mg is tamoxifen chemotherapy utilisation viagra escitalopram 10mg cialis pharmacy prices acyclovir 800 mg azithromycin pregnancy category acyclovir 200mg lexapro dosage cialis samples azithromycin vs erythromycin women viagra withdrawal from lexapro azithromycin eye drops azithromycin tablets is azithromycin ciprofloxacin 500mg tablets ciprofloxacin coverage tamoxifen therapy free viagra how to take cialis viagra kaufen cialis copay card ciprofloxacin 500mg azithromycine zovirax pills viagra canada viagra generic viamedic cialis levitra lexapro and weight gain azithromycin 500mg ciprofloxacin dose cost of cialis viagra soft levitra 20 mg precio farmacia viagra for men sophia viagra finasteride results viagra side effects side effects of ciprofloxacin 500 mg what is ciprofloxacin cialis prices azithromycin without a doctor’s prescription levitra vs viagra azithromycin coverage cialis coupon print ciprofloxacin hydrochloride ophthalmic first few days on lexapro cialis samples overnight levitra vs viagra for hardness cialis patent expiration azithromycin side effects lexapro generic name ciprofloxacin 500 cialis 5mg what is acyclovir ciprofloxacin hydrochloride generic viagra 100mg azithromycin 250mg tablets 6 pack what does azithromycin treat finasteride medication cialis pricing finasteride 5 mg tab levitra 20mg cost per pill acyclovir for shingles viagra tablets cialis cost what is lexapro lexapro 10mg tamoxifen side effects in women generic for lexapro cialis coupons 2017 viagra 100mg how does acyclovir work ciprofloxacin dosage ciprofloxacin 500 mg how long does viagra last viagra wikipedia cipro uses lexapro for anxiety is azithromycin penicillin acyclovir side effects cheap cialis zithromax 500 mg azithromycin dosage generic viagra pfizer viagra lexapro withdrawal lexapro side effects in women ciprofloxacin 500 mg tabletten what is azithromycin used for buy generic levitra levitra coupon cialis finasteride efectos secundarios cialis generic acyclovir cream what infections does ciprofloxacin treat ciprofloxacin drug class revatio vs viagra cialis 5mg daily cipro and tendonitis cialis online azithromycin 250 mg levitra 20 mg female viagra canadian viagra discount cialis escitalopram effets secondaires cialis free trial viagra pills viagra pill azithromycin pregnancy ciprofloxacin uses cheap levitra antibiotic ciprofloxacin tamoxifen lawsuits viagra tesco lexapro withdrawal symptoms ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg side effects acyclovir for cold sores cialis coupon azithromycin tablet tamoxifen citrate cialis trial finasteride tablets levitra vs viagra ciprofloxacin dosierung lexapro vs celexa levitra erfahrungen viagra coupons acyclovir 800mg cialis side effects cialis testimonials viagra without a doctor prescription daily cialis lexapro weight gain what works better than viagra finasteride dosage azithromycin zovirax cream acyclovir dose canada viagra viagra price cialis effects equipe argentine viagra viagra generico what bacteria does ciprofloxacin kill viagra receptfritt azithromycin z pak acyclovir acyclovir ointment 5 viagra activate viagra samples canadian cialis cialis without a doctor’s prescription pfizer viagra coupons from pfizer azithromycin for pneumonia online cialis azithromycin uses cipro dosage azithromycin liquid wholesale cialis ciprofloxacin 500mg antibiotics side effects lexapro 10 mg side effects of tamoxifen generic cialis does lexapro cause weight gain azithromycin for strep throat how to use viagra cialis for men finasteride reviews lexapro generic finasteride 5mg tab viagra 100 mg viagra sex viagra tablet lexapro coupons 200 cialis coupon what is azithromycin azithromycin and alcohol what is cipro usually prescribed for viagra uk side effects of acyclovir azithromycin drug class side effects of viagra azithromycin medscape lexapro reviews viagra prices generic cialis at walmart generic lexapro lexapro side effects in men viagra natural cialis coupons from manufacturer azithromycin for uti viagra cialis cialis patent expiration date extended viagra on line no prec lexapro 5mg ciprofloxacin 500mg antibiotics when will cialis go generic viagra substitute cialis coupon 20 mg is ciprofloxacin a penicillin azithromycin 250 mg treatment cialis for bph cialis website finasteride for women discount viagra finasteride 1mg levitra prezzo in farmacia ciprofloxacin drops cipro cipro side effects in elderly viagra on line cialis generic availability azithromycin three times a week generic levitra finasteride hair loss vardenafil 20mg azithromycin 500 cialis professional escitalopram 20 mg cialis reviews cialis on line cialis for women lexapro azithromycin 250 cialis generic tadalafil how long for lexapro to work viagra without a doctor prescription usa finasteride 5mg cialis 30 day sample cialis coupons order viagra viagra medicine lexapro side effects cialis tadalafil tamoxifen langzeitfolgen cialis pills tamoxifen and bone pain viagra vs cialis azithromycin class ciprofloxacin spc price cialis how does lexapro work generic cialis tadalafil cialis 30 day trial coupon side effects of finasteride 5mg side effects of azithromycin generic for cialis levitra 10 mg prezzo buying viagra viagra wiki stopping lexapro lexapro para que sirve levitra bayer 20mg meilleur prix levitra dosage cialis 10 mg how to wean off lexapro viagra ohne rezept aus deutschland lexapro dosing viagra effects viagra single packs lexapro vs zoloft tamoxifen side effects ciprofloxacin side effects viagra pillen kruidvat cialis canada zithromax dosage azithromycin cost cialis savings card levitra prices levitra 20 mg cost walmart cialis dosage strengths what is lexapro for lexapro and wellbutrin combination therapy finasteride permanent side effects viagra acyclovir vs valacyclovir sex viagra for women online viagra cialis otc finasteride side effects cipro for uti levitra 20 mg von bayer tamoxifen cost ciprofloxacin side effects of lexapro in women cialis voucher cialis from canada buy viagra online escitalopram nebenwirkungen buy generic viagra viagra for sale uk levitra rezeptfrei deutschland viagra alternative cheap viagra best price viagra cialis coupons printable finasteride for hair loss free cialis viagra coupon cialis discount viagra vs cialis what is ciprofloxacin prescribed for buy levitra online acyclovir dosage finasteride long term effects what is escitalopram what is cialis cialis 20mg lexapro benefits for women cialis price cipro antibiotic cialis daily cialis vs viagra escitalopram oxalate escitalopram 10 mg lexapro manufacturer website wellbutrin and lexapro escitalopram 10 mg para que sirve cialis vs viagra zoloft vs lexapro lexapro and weight loss viagra vs cialis vs levitra side effects of cialis levitra without a doctor prescription side effects of finasteride weaning off lexapro effects of stopping finasteride propecia side effects levitra coupons acyclovir 400mg viagra 100mg tablets retail price viagra en ligne livraison 24h levitra generic lexapro side effects men generic levitra vardenafil 20mg finasteride 5mg side effects mayo clinic is lexapro a controlled substance ciprofloxacin eye drops ciprofloxacin side effects in women buy levitra cipro dangers what is acyclovir used for viagra for sale cialis 20 mg what is tamoxifen ciprofloxacin used for levitra 20mg azithromycin 500 erfahrungen cialis or viagra zovirax for cold sores 9 levitra at walmart cialis sample buy viagra acyclovir dosing side effects of ciprofloxacin viagra vs cialis vs levitra lowest cialis prices zovirax lexapro overdose side effects of lexapro zithromax z-​pak cialis for daily use what is viagra cialis for sale lexapro 20mg ciprofloxacin hcl over the counter viagra viagra from canada ciprofloxacin bnf cialis cheap viagra bestellen azithromycin pediatric dosing liquid cialis how much does cialis cost cipro antibiotics what is lexapro used for what is azithromycin for cialis medication cialas viagra for women viagra alternatives cialis patent expiration 2017 what does ciprofloxacin 500mg treat tamoxifen interaction what is tamoxifen used for acyclovir ointment zithromax ciprofloxacin 250mg what does ciprofloxacin treat azithromycine eg 500 mg bijsluiter tamoxifen bijwerkingen lexapro bula